Background: The Senate is poised to recess for the elections this week and must not leave without passing the Family First Prevention Services Act (S. 3065/H.R. 5456), a bicameral, bipartisan bill that would strengthen federal child welfare law to better protect vulnerable children and families. The House of Representatives passed H.R. 5456 with strong bipartisan support on June 21. The bill takes historic steps to ensure more children can stay safely with family and out of foster care by allowing federal child welfare dollars to be used on quality prevention services and programs. It also: encourages the placement of children in foster care in the least restrictive most family-like settings appropriate to their needs with special attention to those needing specialized treatment; addresses the special needs of pregnant and parenting teens; reauthorizes a number of expiring Title IV-B and Title IV-E program provisions; offers supports to help older youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood; improves the interstate placement of children; improves Regional Partnership Grants to help families affected by substance abuse; and continues to recognize and increase supports for grandparents and other relatives who step in to care for children when their parents cannot. Click here for a summary of the legislation.