Child Watch® Column:
Young Black Males: Pushed Out and Pushed Away

Release Date: September 18, 2015

Marian Wright Edelman

Damien Durr is a brilliant young man who grew up in Ohio in a family of teachers where education was always stressed. No one—including Damien—ever thought he wouldn’t finish high school. When his father, grandfather and aunt all died within a short time of each other as he was starting high school it shook him off his solid foundation. But through his terrible grief he kept going. Then he hit a roadblock: he failed the math section of the proficiency test required for graduation. “I took the math portion of the test numerous times, went to summer school, attended tutoring in school, attended tutoring at another high school, and even had a teacher from my mother’s school come to the house and tutor me—and still I could not pass the test . . . At the end of my senior year I found myself pushed out of school and unable to graduate because I could not pass one portion of a standardized test.”

Damien’s “offense” was having spent twelve years in public school classrooms that left him unable to graduate. Years later Damien wrote about how his school pushout derailed—and nearly destroyed—the course of his life. “[W]hat often is not discussed when you repeatedly fail like I did are the deep feelings which I felt of shame, embarrassment, disappointment and intellectual inadequacy … based on a test that kept reminding me that maybe I was not good enough. Although I was more than a test score, at the time it was hard to separate what the test suggested I was and wasn’t and where I found myself in life—having spent twelve years in school seemingly with nothing to show for it.” 

“So with no high school diploma I spent the next seven years working multiple jobs… United Parcel Service, Gibraltar Strip Steel, Labor Ready, DialAmerica, construction, telemarketing, and the list goes on. Throughout the course of those seven years I was arrested and involved in some illegal activities and found myself constantly looking for creative ways to bring in revenue.” Damien eventually turned his life around, got his GED, and earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees with honors from American Baptist College. That’s where he met one of his mentors who immediately saw his brilliance and steadfastly encouraged him, Rev. Janet Wolf. Damien says, “It was only by the grace of God that throughout those years my family and other people never stopped believing in me, challenging me and encouraging me. With the support of the village I was able to regain belief in self and overcome one of the biggest disappointments of my life.” After graduating from American Baptist College—which John Lewis, Bernard Lafayette and Jim Bevel attended and became key leaders in the Nashville and national civil rights movements—Damien earned a Master’s in Divinity degree from Vanderbilt Divinity School. Today he is a minister at his congregation, a school counselor, and an organizer with the Children’s Defense Fund Nashville Nonviolent Organizing Team advocating for and mentoring children and youths—mostly Black boys—and others pushed out of school and put at risk of the prison pipeline who might not be as lucky and as able to get their lives back on track as he was.

Eric Brown is one of Damien’s colleagues who wrote about his experience being pushed out and pushed away by adults. Eric, the son of a third generation pastor, was rooted in the church. But as a teenager he started to realize adults in the church community were sometimes among the first to judge the youths around them: “I noticed my frustration with identity through my experiences of how church folk were quick to label students and young adults as criminals based on music, clothing, hair styles, and vernacular. I felt many church folks never took the chance to listen to the concerns of students, but rather preached their notions of a child’s image as evil to children they said they love . . . [M]any of my friends began to go down a road of crime based on fulfilling a destiny we felt older adults already forced on us.”

Eric was able to envision and forge a different identity for himself after finding the right adults willing to serve as role models and mentors instead of prejudging him. But he saw firsthand how many of his friends and classmates weren’t as lucky. “I’m deeply concerned about America’s young black generation, and I should be. I should be because if it were not for people who gave me support to be okay with an identity that has nothing to do with looking [like] or imitating a destructive life, I might have been mimicking negative stereotypes of violence shown in the media.”

Eric also graduated with honors from American Baptist College mentored by Rev. Wolf, and received two master’s degrees from Vanderbilt University—a Master’s of Theological Studies and a Master’s in Ethics. He is a minister at his congregation and a volunteer chaplain at Riverbend Maximum Security Institute where he co-facilitates the Community Building and Conflict Resolution Circle on death row. He’s working to dismantle the Cradle to Prison Pipeline® crisis, giving that same love and guidance he received to other young people: “We show others love and care, because we never know if love and care was stripped from them because they are from the wrong part of town. We show love and care to others because we never know if it was beaten, raped and pillaged out of them. We show love and care because we never know how many times hate was held against them and used in permanent records and brought up against our children to push them to suspension, push them to drop out, push them to perform mistakes we make criminal, and push them into prison.”

How many of us have made the same commitment? We need to stand up and fight against unjust systems that often push young people out of school and onto the path to prison. We also need to make sure we are doing all we can as individuals to show love and care and support to young people—especially Black and Hispanic—who already often feel pushed out and pushed away.

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Marian Wright Edelman is President of the Children's Defense Fund whose Leave No Child Behind® mission is to ensure every child a Healthy Start, a Head Start, a Fair Start, a Safe Start and a Moral Start in life and successful passage to adulthood with the help of caring families and communities. For more information go to

Mrs. Edelman's Child Watch Column also appears each week on The Huffington Post.

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Here's what others have said:

Submitted by nytenanny at: October 19, 2015
i am quite aware of push out i've lived because i was an active bright child whom was outspoken and unlady like in the 60's and seventies. I was a teen mom (14) my grandmother could not read or write but taught me about faith. im 52 and was blind until 7 mo. ago. I recently came in contact with several little boy who are 7 &8 and read at preschool and kindergarden levels. This reminds me of the pipeline to prison i try to inform mother and grand mothers in my community about this process. If each one teach one can be embraced i believe a change can occur. children do it all the time

Submitted by AdvocateEv at: September 21, 2015
This column, as they all are, is right on time! In the case of the two Hispanic male students from Texas, who were told by their coach to hit the referee, they will be criminalized for listening to a person in authority. However, I pray someone will listen and understand they (the boys) were also responding to an act of injustice and that all of the adults, the coach and the ref, will receive consequences for their actions as well. Let this be a teachable moment for all and not a life sentence for some. Let's not push these boys away from the success they so rightly deserve!

Submitted by Alli at: September 20, 2015
Thank God for the Love that was bestowed upon him. He is passing it on. I

Submitted by Anonymous at: September 20, 2015
I agree with much of what was written, especially the need for mentors for youth. I would add that it is equally important in guiding young people to hold them accountable in some constructive way for behaviors and choices that are harmful to themselves and/or others. Those are teaching moments. Making excuses, allowing disrespect of self and others, softening or even removing consequences for poor choices only enables patterns that can lead to a lifetime of struggle. It does not empower through teaching.

Submitted by Debbie at: September 19, 2015
As a teacher I tend to get defensive about this topic because I feel the public does not understand the challenging behaviors we sometimes deal with. Thank you for giving me a different perspective. I am very concerned about the current emphasis on testing and the time it takes away from instruction and meaningful learning. But to find out that a high stakes test nearly derailed a young man's life is really alarming. More people need to hear about this aspect of the influence of high stakes testing.

Submitted by Gertrude's Daughter at: September 19, 2015
In my community active military men came to ask me to help them do for young Black youth the same thing they are doing for this country - protect and serve them. "Brothers in Arms" was formed. They have taken a preventive approach to mentoring. Watching the young men reflect what they see and here from these men has been an awesome experience and it's working. The Legacy of Gertrude Peele continues. No child will be left behind. We applaud Eric and his commitment to others.

Submitted by Melissa at: September 19, 2015
Yes, this is indeed a problem, but it is not just relative to young black males. I have taught in urban districts and currently teach in Appalachia. We have the same problem with whites at the poverty level. This is a socially economic issue, not just a racial one.

Submitted by Anonymous at: September 19, 2015
Congratulations to Damien and Eric for never giving up!

Submitted by Neecy853 at: September 19, 2015
Thank goodness for Rev. Janet Wolf and others like her. The stories of Eric and Damien are repeated daily where I work. I'm also grateful that Eric and Damien are giving back, reaching out to other young, black men in ways that most others cannot. I'm inspired to continue to do my part, encouraging young mothers who experience the same judgment, finger-pointing, and ostracism.

Submitted by Larry at: September 19, 2015
Never say "quit"....I am proud of these individuals who had the integrity and perseverance to follow their dreams.

Submitted by Steve Walters at: September 18, 2015
I remember this story at Rice University, Houston, Texas where I graduated in 1948. The rule then was that all students of any specialty had to pass Math 100. One, a top scholar in English took the class four years and never passed it. The Board had to make an exception and give his degree. He became an excellent PHD English prof. Human brain traits vary widely in abilities and rules must accommodate that. salker

Submitted by Ladybird at: September 18, 2015
This is the horrific downfall of standardized testing. No student is simply a test score. Their academic experience encompasses much more than the end result of an exit exam. No child should by any means get left behind and have to fend for themselves. What happened to looking at the package in its entirety. Possibly volunteer work, extracurricular activities aside from academics. All of these elements are needed when applying to college. Why not just take the initiative to see what a student as a whole participated in while in high school. It's a disgrace that anyone would have to get left behind simply because of a test score.