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Child Watch® Column: "Poverty, 2.0"

Release Date: January 6, 2012

Marian Wright Edelman

As the new year’s news cycles turn to presidential politics and primary contests, there is another story our leaders should be talking a lot about—and acting to alleviate. End-of-year news stories about holiday spending happily reported on the unexpectedly high totals many Americans spent—or put on credit—this year. But for millions of families there was another story: how to provide enough food and shelter and keep alive the spirit, wonder, and joy of the season for their children when resources are scarce? Darryl and Jeanna Barrett are both college graduates who together earned about $60,000 a year. Blessed with three beautiful daughters, they survived Hurricane Katrina and bought a home in New Orleans, eager to help rebuild their city. According to Darryl, they were “on the road to the American dream.” Then he became disabled and Jeanna lost her job. Their current income—Darryl’s Social Security disability and Jeanna’s unemployment insurance—places them just barely above the official poverty level for a family of five.

The Barrett girls, Anjerrica, 15, Daryanna, 10, and Jaeda, 7, would go hungry without food stamps, free school lunches, and a local food pantry.

The family recently qualified for food stamps. The Barrett girls, Anjerrica, 15, Daryanna, 10, and Jaeda, 7, would go hungry without food stamps, free school lunches, and a local food pantry. Darryl has been going to the food pantry at the nearby Community Center of St. Bernard every week and can’t say enough about how “tremendous” the center has been for them. “I called last year our $36 Christmas. That’s how much money we had in the bank. The Center made sure we had a turkey. They got a sponsor who got the girls bikes. We went to their toy drive… if it hadn’t been for them, we wouldn’t have had any Christmas,” Darryl recently told Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Julia Cass, on assignment in New Orleans for the Children’s Defense Fund.

The economic rise and fall of the Barrett family mirrors what has happened to so many Americans who were moving up into the middle class but fell backwards in the past few years. The Barretts’ hard times resulted from the double whammy of disability and recession. Darryl graduated from Loyola University with a degree in computer systems. He worked for a casino company linking up statewide games in casinos around the state. But when he injured his back and a disc in his neck while moving a heavy piece of furniture, pressure from the disc injury severely damaged the nerves in his arms. Two years of physical therapy and a surgery failed to restore the use of his arms and he was approved for Social Security disability payments of $1550 per month.

Meanwhile, Jeanna graduated from Xavier University with a degree in chemistry. She worked as a pharmacy technician and science teacher in a Catholic school before going to work at a non-profit organization providing after-school and summer programs for low-income children in 2004. But she lost her job when the program lost state funding in 2010. In October 2011, Jeanna got what she calls a “part-time part-time” job—working at a cell phone company two days a week, three hours a day at $8 an hour. “Of all my applications, this was the only place that wanted to hire me,” she says. But the Barretts know this job is not even a short-term solution to their tough financial problems.

Sadly, the Barrett children were in the majority this year. In November, the Census Bureau released its first report using a new way of measuring poverty in America: the Supplemental Poverty Measure. This new measure won’t replace the official poverty measure but it’s an important tool to give us a more nuanced picture of poverty today.

The Supplemental Poverty Measure monitors common household expenses including food, clothing, shelter, and utilities and adjusts for regional differences. Income calculations include the value of federal nutrition programs, tax breaks like the Earned Income Tax Credit, and housing subsidies but subtract taxes paid, work and child care expenses, medical expenses, and child support payments. These more detailed calculations yielded some surprising results.

The majority of children in America—a stunning 56.7 percent—are either poor or low-income with these calculations compared to 43.9 percent using the official measure. While there is a substantial rise in the number of children considered low-income, the child poverty rate itself was actually lower using the new measure. This is important because it shows the effectiveness of key programs in lifting children out of poverty especially child and family nutrition programs, housing subsidies, and the Earned Income Tax Credit. These programs had the largest positive impact on children’s lives.

Now that we know the majority of children in America are at risk—including families like the Barretts—and need a lot of help right now to stay afloat, we must act. The details the Supplemental Poverty Measure captures give us a fuller picture of poverty’s reach during these perilous economic times and should serve as a road map to help our leaders and policymakers see what’s helping and what’s hurting. The proof of effectiveness of crucial safety net investments shows the wisdom of expanding refundable tax credits and nutrition programs to stave off widespread hunger. All of us must urge our legislators right now to make the right choices with our tax dollars and use them to benefit the majority of our children struggling to survive and thrive on too little rather than non-needy powerful special interests.

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Submitted by gg at: January 10, 2012
All the above information is true. I have 6 adult children and the recession has really hit some of them hard fortunately their children are in college or have jobs. I directed a funded child care program in California and of course 3 years ago the program dropped the funding because we couldn't survive on the funds that we received. I had retired as director at the time but it was so sad to see so many families lose their child care. Now I direct two private programs in Texas. And their is very little funding in Texas and it is so difficult to obtain health care in Texas. Another frustration and some of the families who don't have health care just accept that it is okay not to have it. Our officials really need to look at the result of their actions. I have seen so many changes in the past 10 to 15 years. Our middle class is leaving us as the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.

Submitted by Flying Pig at: January 9, 2012
Excellent site.

Submitted by Yejide at: January 9, 2012
I read every CDF column and all are very pertinent and realistic of how the majority of American families and children are coping in this economy. Somehow our legislative leaders are not setting priorities for the new outcome plaguing most of our families.

Submitted by Betsy at: January 7, 2012
It is alarming to think about the huge number of children at risk of hunger and it's implications in this, the wealthiest nation in the world. I will try to do whatever I can to raise this issue in my church and with our Senators and Congressmen/women. The current campaign notwithstanding, we must all rise to the need of our most vulnerable people, our children, and challenge those vying for power and position to answer the deeper call for justice and equality, the virtues upon which our country was founded.

Submitted by Willie at: January 7, 2012
I enjoyed these comments Is a shame politicians care more about the rich and famous than the poor

Submitted by letpeacereign at: January 7, 2012
This accunt reads like the my experiences volunteering at local foodbank, reports from fellow church member who runs an after school program, news from the "Simple Way," and the Catholic Worker. Until our gov't. changes its prioties from war and protecting the rich to caring for "the least of these" we will eventually all be the least.

Submitted by mick at: January 6, 2012
the amount of work to be done is desperate; we need to believe in ourselves, that we can do it!