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Child Watch® Column: "Dr. David French: Pioneering Physician"

Release Date: April 15, 2011

Marian Wright Edelman

"This was a man who lived a life of urgency, but never an urgency in the service of self, but rather in the service of the society, of mankind, of others." So said Howard French at a memorial service for his father, Dr. David French who passed away March 31 at age 86. I was blessed to have him, his wife Carolyn, and their children as friends over many decades. As one of the founders of the Medical Committee for Human Rights, Dr. David French helped organize fellow medical professionals during the Civil Rights Movement to provide first aid to marchers and protesters. His civil rights work was a turning point in a lifetime of pioneering professional work, from becoming one of the first Black board-certified surgeons in America to establishing innovative community health clinics in the United States and Africa.

David French was born and raised in Ohio. Although his father had been forced to withdraw from Howard University as a young man because of lack of money, his parents stressed the importance of education for their own children. He was drafted into the Army during World War II, interrupting his premedical studies to serve in a segregated unit in Texas where he and fellow Black soldiers were assigned to pick cotton for uniforms. He noted that German prisoners of war held in Texas were treated better than Black soldiers seeking to defend our nation. Determined to pursue his dream of becoming a doctor, he enrolled at Howard University School of Medicine through a military program where he was mentored by famed Black surgeon Dr. Charles Drew, who pioneered modern blood banking techniques. David followed in Dr. Drew's surgical footsteps and went on to establish pediatric cardiovascular surgery departments at Howard, Freedmen's Hospital, and D.C. General Hospital in Washington, D.C.

As the Civil Rights Movement grew he joined the many unsung heroes—doctors, nurses and other emergency medical professionals—providing frontline first aid to protesters brutally assaulted during marches. In 1964, few realized the essential service the newly formed Medical Committee for Human Rights performed. Many of the doctors and nurses, including him, took time off from jobs in the North to volunteer in the South. In 1965, David French coordinated the medical volunteers for the voting rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. After marchers were savagely beaten by state troopers during their first attempt to cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge on "Bloody Sunday," he saved the day and the lives of the protesters by helping bring in the Johnson White House and the federal troops to protect them in the final march. One year later, as Dr. King, Stokely Carmichael, and other civil rights activists—including myself—completed James Meredith's march from Memphis to Jackson, Mississippi after Meredith was injured by a sniper, David and Carolyn French joined in using their Dodge Camper as a makeshift ambulance for his medical team.

The Medical Committee's focus quickly expanded from protecting civil rights workers to fighting inequalities in health care under the motto "Health Care Is a Human Right." Driven by his passion for social justice, David French shifted his focus from surgery to public health. As he told the Boston Globe, "I became aware of overwhelming health problems in the marches in the deep South, but later realized that urban health problems with regard to delivery of services are just as difficult.'' He went back to school and earned a masters' degree in Public Health from Johns Hopkins University. In 1969 he became the first chairman of Boston University's Department of Community Medicine and was chosen as the first medical director of Roxbury Comprehensive Community Health Center, meeting the needs of one of Boston's poorest communities. Roxbury Comprehensive Community Health Center was one of the earliest community health centers and became a model for providing health services for the poor.

David French then set his sights on the African continent, believing the community health center model could deliver the crucial primary care so many desperately needed. He and his family of eight beautiful children spent a decade living in the Ivory Coast as he oversaw a program coordinated by the World Health Organization, the U.S. Agency for International Development, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Boston University that trained health care workers in 20 African countries to set up networks of clinics providing primary and preventive care.

His groundbreaking work helped set the stage for today's network of community health centers around the world. According to the National Association of Community Health Centers, the United States now has 1,250 community health centers providing vital primary care to 20 million low-income children and adults. This crucial lifeline of services saves between $9.9 billion and $17.6 billion a year by helping patients avoid emergency room care. Last week, the majority of funding for community health centers was saved at the last minute by the compromise budget agreement that averted a government shutdown. How shortsighted, uncaring, and fiscally irresponsible are those who would cut life and cost saving programs. I applaud Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders who has stood up for this vital health safety network through thick and thin. But community health centers are still at risk in the House budget plan that seeks to dismantle Medicare and Medicaid and balance the budget on the backs of poor children and families. Millions of low-income families are in danger of losing the quality health care they desperately need. Let's honor the legacy of Dr. David French and the life of urgency he lived and make the right and moral choice to care for America's poor children and families and preserve—yea expand—the vital network of community health centers.


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Here's what others have said:

Submitted by Fred at: April 18, 2011
I could only wish that I had the compassion and empithay of this man

Submitted by Leslie at: April 17, 2011
I volunteered with Head Start Classes for 17 years. The parents struggled with many issues such as income, nutrition, access to books, language, and medical care. Detecting problems with hearing,vision,learning disabilities, speaking before Kindergarten meant they were more ready to learn. Losing access to proper Health Care would be quite harmful.

Submitted by dadijay at: April 17, 2011
Thank you for this article. Dr. French and his wife were very good friends of my in-laws, Dr. Harold Thornell and his wife, Mabel. They worked together at Rox Comp in Boston during those early years. I had the honor of knowing him and also working with them both. My family is saddened to hear of his passing, but honored to know more about his many accomplishments. My sincere condolences to his family. Sincerely, Consuelo Gonzales Thornell

Submitted by maxi at: April 16, 2011
I am more than proud to learn of Dr. David French and his marvelous efforts; the work that he accomplished is nothing short of magnificent. His life reminds me of that of my Dad, Matthew Walker, Sr., FACS, FICS. Dr. Walker was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Surgery at Meharry Medical College for many years. His selfless work was similar in that he spent years training surgeons, nurses et. al to work at the Taborian Hospital in Mound Bayou, Mississippi in addition to teaching at Meharry. (His elder daughter, my sister, the late Charlotte Rose Walker, M.D., was one of his trainees who spent part of her time at Taborian. He developed medical connections with many major (majority) hospitals such as Memorial Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases in New York so that his trainees could have surgical rotations there. Additionally, he was selfless in wanting the poor to have access to good medical care. Thus, the Matthew Walker Comprehensive Health Care Centers of Tennessee bear his name, and serve poor of all races. Walker was trained and certified as a general surgeon. He used to say that he was a "hand" surgeon. He meant that he was competent to do any type of surgery that he could get his hands on.(Little to no neurosurgery, though.) Some of his trainees were so proud of his teachings that they formed a surgical society, The Matthew Walker Surgical Society, which exist to this day. Walker was a great humanitarian, loved his family and Church. His generosity knew no bounds in that he quietly gave several students money so that they could attend Fisk University in Nashville. He also trained many Africans to become doctors and nurses. I clearly remember our Mother, Alice, entertaining many of Daddy's African trainees (and others) in our home with her marvelous cooking. So, I, his daughter, Maxine Walker Giddings, am very proud to learn of a soul mate of Matthew Walker, Sr., Dr. French.

Submitted by Susan at: April 16, 2011
Excellent column! I had no idea about his amazing career and deep compassion, and I'm glad to learn about it. There is an excellent book, A CONTINENT FOR THE TAKING by Howard French -- is this Dr. French's son?

Submitted by grannyd at: April 15, 2011
People who have health care paid for by their employers or other options have no idea how important and life saving the programs of Medicare and Medicaid are to millions of people in our country.

Submitted by Anonymous at: April 15, 2011
Thank you so much for providing such an informative account about a extraordinary physician and his family and their service to the U.S. and the world. I was very moved by his dedication and love.