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2 The Future of Children. 2014. “Helping Parents, Helping Children: Two-Generation Mechanisms.” Executive Summary. Vol. 24, No. 1. http://www.princeton.edu/futureofchildren/publications/docs/24_01_Exec_Summary.pdf.
3 Hart, B. & Risley, T.R. 2003. “The Early Catastrophe:The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3” American Educator, pp.4-9. http://www.aft.org//sites/default/files/periodicals/TheEarlyCatastrophe.pdf.
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5 Halle,T., Forry, N., Hair, E., Perper, K., Wandner, L., Wessel, J. & Vick, J. (June 2009) Executive Summary “Disparities in Early Learning and Development: Lessons from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study- Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)” Child Trends. http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/2009-52DisparitiesELExecSumm.pdf.
6 Center on the Developing Child. Harvard University. http://developingchild.harvard.edu/key_concepts/toxic_stress_response/; Greg Duncan and Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. 1997. Consequences of Growing up Poor. New York: Russell-Sage; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne and Greg Duncan. 1997. “The Effects of Poverty on Children.” The Future of Children 7(2); and Duncan, Greg, W. Jean Yeung, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, and Judith Smith. 1998. “How Much Does Childhood Poverty Affect the Life Chances of Children?” American Sociological Review 63(3): 406–23.
7 Coleman-Jensen, Alisha, Christian Gregory, and Anita Singh. Household Food Security in the United States in 2013, ERR-173, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, September 2014. Table 3. http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1565415/err173.pdf.
8 Cook, John and Karen Jeng. 2009. “Child Food Insecurity: The Economic Impact on our Nation.” Feeding America. http://feedingamerica.org/SiteFiles/child-economy-study.pdf.
9 Mach, A.L. & Rapaport, C. Feb. 2012. “Health Insurance Coverage of Children.” Washington DC: Congressional Research Service. http://www.kidswellcampaign.org/docs/other-resources/health-insurance-coverage-of-children-2010.pdf?Status=Master.
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11 Felliti, V.J., R.F. Anda, D. Nordenberg, D.F. Williamson, A.M. Spitz, V. Edwards, M.P. Moss and J.S. Marks. “Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults. The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study.” Am J Prev Med. 1998 May; 14(4):245-58. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9635069?dopt=Abstract.
12 Ratcliffe Caroline and Signe-Mary McKernan. 2012. “Child Poverty and its Lasting Consequence.” Washington, DC: Urban Institute. http://www.urban.org/publications/412659.html.
13 Wagmiller Jr. Robert and Robert Adelman. 2009. “Children and Intergenerational Poverty: The Long-Term Consequences of Growing up Poor.” National Center for Children in Poverty.
14 Holzer, Harry, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, Greg J. Duncan, and Jens Ludwig. 2007. “The Economic Costs of Poverty: Subsequent Effects of Children Growing Up Poor.” Washington, DC: Center for American Progress. http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2007/01/poverty_report.html.
15 Duncan, Greg, Ariel Kalil, Kathleen Ziol-Guest. Feb. 2008. “Economic Costs of Early Childhood Poverty.” Issue Paper # 4, Partnership for America’s Economic Success.
16 U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements, Historical Table 3. “Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin.” http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/historical/people.html.
17 Wimer C, Fox L, Garfinkel I, Kaushal N, & Waldfogel J. “Trends in Poverty with an Anchored Supplemental Poverty Measure,” Columbia Population Research Center, December 5, 2013.
18 Waldfogel, Jane. 2010. “Tackling Child Poverty & Improving Child Well-Being. Lessons from Britain.” First Focus and Foundation for Child Development.
19 Hunter Schwarz. August 26 2014. “If Britain were a U.S. state, it would be the second-poorest, behind Alabama and before Mississippi” Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/govbeat/wp/2014/08/26/if-the-U.K.-was-a-u-s-state-it-would-be-the-second-poorest-behind-alabama-and-before-mississippi/.
20 Marr, C., Huang, C., & Sherman, A. 2014. “Earned Income Tax Credit Promotes Work, Encourages Children’s Success at School, Research Finds.” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm? fa=view&id=3793.
21 Greg Duncan, Kathleen Ziol-Guest, and Ariel Kalil. Jan/Feb 2010. “Early-Childhood Poverty and Adult Attainment, Behavior, and Health.” Child Development: pp. 306-325.
22 Sherman, A., Parrott, S., & Trisi, D. 2014. “Chart Book: The War on Poverty at 50, Section 3.” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved from http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=4073.